Derivatives trading in India examples, strategies & risks

Options are contracts that give the buyer the right to sell or buy an asset at a certain price on the expiration date of the contract or before that. The crucial thing here is that the buyer is under no obligation to trade the security. If the buyer does trade, then it is called exercising the option. Index derivatives allow an investor to trade in a group of assets the index represents, without having to buy each underlying security/ asset in that group or market.

What are the four financial derivatives?

In finance, there are four basic types of derivatives: forward contracts, futures, swaps, and options.

No need to issue cheques by investors while subscribing to IPO. Just write the bank account number and sign in the application form How to Choose a Forex Broker to authorise your bank to make payment in case of allotment. No worries for the refund as the money remains in investor’s account.

Situation 1 – Derivatives trading risk with the future index

There is a lot of precision required to be able to correctly carry out such trades. Especially in order to be able to absorb the profits, it is important to follow an accurate plan. lexatrade Hedgers are not risk takers their aim is to protect their profit. After knowing what is derivative trading, it’s imperative to be familiarised with its disadvantages as well.

finance derivatives examples

On the basis of their trading motives, participants in the derivatives markets can be segregated into four categories – hedgers, speculators, margin traders and arbitrageurs. Let’s take a look at why these participants trade in derivatives and how their motives are driven by their risk profiles. In the Indian markets, futures and options are standardized contracts, which can be freely traded on exchanges. Make sure to thoroughly understand everything about the underlying asset. Keep your budget in mind and ensure that it is adequate for meeting the financial requirements of the margin for trading, cash in hand, and covering the prices of the contracts.


However, trading alone in derivatives involve risk such as market volatility, counter-party risks, interconnection risks, and the risk of liquidity. Hedging risk is to reduce risk in one’s investment by making another investment and derivatives are the best option to do so. Derivatives are used as an insurance policy to reduce risk and it generally is used with the objective of minimizing risk in the market.

The agreement has the quantity, price and date of the transaction mentioned. Upon entering into the contract, the buyer and seller are obligated to fulfil their duty regardless of the asset’s current market price. Futures contracts are popular for hedging risk and speculation. However, the main purpose is to fix the price of the asset against volatility. The cash flows are computed over a notional principal amount.

Stock Brokers can accept securities as margin from clients only by way of pledge in the depository system w.e.f. September 01, 2020. Take advantage of the price discrepancy between two markets. Options that can be exercised any time up to the expiry date.

Meaning of Derivative

We accept all major debit and credit cards and Paypal. Please get in touch should you need to organize payment via an alternative platform – we’d be happy to help. Although, Futures and Options, both are referred to as derivatives, they are slightly different from each other. Besides the above, there are various circulars issued by regulators amending the provisions from time to time.

Advantages of derivatives

Traders purchase derivates as a hedge against risk exposure

They function as a price discovery mechanism like, the spot price of futures contracts are often used to determine commodity price trends

Derivatives contribute to market efficiency by eliminating arbitraging opportunities

These highly leveraged contracts allow investors to magnify portfolio exposure

For example, a trader purchases stock in one market and simultaneously sells it off at a higher price in another. Traders and speculators –They predict future changes in the price of an underlying asset. Based on these predictions, they take a certain position in a derivative contract. No worries for refund as the money remains in investor’s account.

Situation 4 – Derivatives trading risk with stocks option

Derivatives, or as they are also called financial derivatives, derive their value from some other asset. Such assets from whom a derivative derives its value are known as underlying assets or simply underlying. As the price of the underlying asset changes, the price of the derivative tenkofx review fluctuates. Index derivative is the financial derivative contract that has an underlying asset as the index itself. This means that the investor can trade in the group of assets the index represents without buying each underlying security/ asset in that group or market.

Options can be traded in both OTC market and exchange traded markets. We shall explain these types in detail in our next article on Options. Although options valuation has been done since the 19th century, the modern approach is based on the Black–Scholes model, which was first published in 1973.

What are the 5 derivatives?

Five of the more popular derivatives are options, single stock futures, warrants, a contract for difference, and index return swaps.

FPIs have sold shares worth ₹21,000 crore since September 1, while DIIs bought shares worth ₹22,175 crore during this period. Please read all scheme related documents carefully before investing. Past performance is not an indicator of future returns.

Major drawbacks of financial derivatives:

Both Option & Future have unique properties and serve as hedging tools for traders and investors. Each has its distinct functionality that can be useful in one or the other instance for a trader. Read the sample SEBI Model Risk Document and also the same document for NSE derivatives trading for having an understanding of risk. You should understand that derivatives trading carries an element of risk in it. High, as contracts are standardized exchange traded contracts. Like the series of future contracts, the option contracts also replicate the same series of three successive calendar months and use the same terms of current month, near month and far month.

  • These could be stocks, indices, commodities, currencies, exchange rates, or the rate of interest.
  • The buyer pays for the right to purchase but is not obligated to do the same.
  • Precise nature of risk and scope is unknown to regulators which leads to increased systemic risk.

You can read about the advantages of trading in futures and options here. This example simply explains how a derivatives contract works. In this situation the underlying asset is the corn produce from which the contract is deriving it’s value. The underlying asset’s value keeps changing according to market conditions.

finance derivatives examples

Example, a derivative of the shares of Infosys , will derive its value from the share price of Infosys. Similarly, a derivative contract on soybean depends on the price of soybean. Globalization has led to tremendous growth in the volume of international trade. This phenomenal growth has increased the magnitude of financial risks involved in different transactions.

If you enter a futures contract, you are obligated to buy or sell the underlying asset at a pre-specified price on or prior to a certain date. A Future is a contract to buy or sell an underlying stock or other asset at a pre-determined price on a specific date. On the other hand, Options contract gives an opportunity to the investor the right but not the obligation to buy or sell the assets at a specific price on a specific date, known as the expiry date. Naresh is an Expert Financial Advisory at Raghunandan Money. When it comes to studying markets, Naresh loves decoding stock prices, analyzing data, and understanding market trends.

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